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Post Date:  10/10/2017
Last Updated:  10/10/2017

Summary
Cross References
- Notice 2017-53

An involuntary conversion occurs when property is destroyed, stolen, condemned, or disposed of under a threat of condemnation, and the taxpayer receives other property, or money, in payment for the property, such as insurance proceeds or a condemnation award. The involuntary conversion is treated as a sale or exchange. Gain or loss is the difference between the net payment received and the adjusted basis of the converted property.

Gain from an involuntary conversion is postponed if the taxpayer receives or purchases replacement property within a specified replacement period. Under the normal involuntary conversion rules, replacement property must be purchased within two years in order to defer any gain on the conversion.

There is a special rule for livestock sold under weather-related conditions in an area designated as eligible for assistance by the federal government. IRC §1033(e)(2)(A) states that the replacement period ends four years after the close of the first taxable year in which any part of the gain from the conversion is realized. IRC §1033(e)(2)(B) states that the IRS may extend this replacement period on a regional basis if the IRS determines weather-related conditions continue to affect a region for more than three years. Thus, if a sale or exchange on account of drought qualifies for this special rule, the 4-year replacement period can be extended. The IRS issued Notice 2006-82 which states for this purpose, the first drought-free year for the applicable region is the first 12-month period that:
1) Ends August 31,
2) Ends in or after the last year of the taxpayer's 4-year replacement period, and
3) Does not include any weekly period for which exceptional, extreme, or severe drought is reported for any location in the applicable region.

Notice 2006-82 also states the IRS will publish in September of each year a list of counties, districts, cities, boroughs, census areas, or parishes for which exceptional, extreme, or severe drought was reported during the preceding 12 months. Taxpayers may use this list to determine whether exceptional, extreme, or severe drought has been reported for any location in the applicable region.

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